Subject: Re: problem of parallels (was: Easter Island... From: "Yuri Kuchinsky"Click here to go one level up in the directory.
Date: 1997/10/17 Message-ID: <email@example.com> Newsgroups: sci.archaeology Greg, I looked through Campbell volumes now, and have found some very interesting photos for you to look at. The two objects that I referred to originally were actually in his MYTHIC IMAGE, Princeton U. P., 1974. On p. 125 he includes the photos of a Late Chou sacrificial vessel from China (772-221 b.c.), and of a Pyrite-incrusted mirror from Kaminaljuyu, Guatemala (a.d. 400-700), also portraying a sacrificial scene. What is striking here, is the near identity of decorative motifs on these two objects. Campbell includes on p. 124 a very relevant citation from A. L. Kroeber, "Anthropology", 1924: "The first observation to be made, is that resemblance must not be too close if independent development is to be the explanation... If the resemblance includes any inessential or arbitrary parts, such as an ornament, a proportion that so far as utility is concerned might be considerably varied but is not, a randomly chosen number, or a name, the possibility of independent development is wholly ruled out. Such intrinsic features would not recur together once in a million times." And in Campbell's HISTORICAL ATLAS OF WORLD MYTHOLOGIES, 1988, Vol 1, Part 2, p. 194, he includes three pictures, one coming from a Chinese Shang bronze drum, one from a Dyak wood carving from Borneo, and, finally, a funerary urn from Brazil. All of these three objects portray "hockers", characteristic squatting figures. All three are remarkably similar. These are the sorts of objects that to an outsider will prove cultural contact across the Pacific better than anything else, and beyond any doubt. In this case, a picture can be worth a hundred of learned volumes by befuddled and befuddling academics who may be trying to devise intricate explanations for why the Earth is not round. Regards, Yuri. Yuri Kuchinsky in Toronto -=O=- http://www.io.org/~yuku Reality is that which, when you stop believing in it, doesn't go away -=O=- Philip K. Dick _________________________________________________________________