Subject:      Re: problem of parallels (was: Easter Island...
From:         "Yuri Kuchinsky" 
Date:         1997/10/17
Message-ID:   <01bcdb4f$f012e240$>
Newsgroups:   sci.archaeology


I looked through Campbell volumes now, and have found some very interesting
photos for you to look at. 

The two objects that I referred to originally were actually in his MYTHIC
IMAGE, Princeton U. P., 1974. On p. 125 he includes the photos of a Late
Chou sacrificial vessel from China (772-221 b.c.), and of a
Pyrite-incrusted mirror from Kaminaljuyu, Guatemala (a.d. 400-700), also
portraying a sacrificial scene.

What is striking here, is the near identity of decorative motifs on these
two objects.

Campbell includes on p. 124 a very relevant citation from A. L. Kroeber,
"Anthropology", 1924:

"The first observation to be made, is that resemblance must not be too
close if independent development is to be the explanation... If the
resemblance includes any inessential or arbitrary parts, such as an
ornament, a proportion that so far as utility is concerned might be
considerably varied but is not, a randomly chosen number, or a name, the
possibility of independent development is wholly ruled out. Such intrinsic
features would not recur together once in a million times."

And in Campbell's HISTORICAL ATLAS OF WORLD MYTHOLOGIES, 1988, Vol 1, Part
2, p. 194, he includes three pictures, one coming from a Chinese Shang
bronze drum, one from a Dyak wood carving from Borneo, and, finally, a
funerary urn from Brazil. All of these three objects portray "hockers",
characteristic squatting figures. All three are remarkably similar.

These are the sorts of objects that to an outsider will prove cultural
contact across the Pacific better than anything else, and beyond any doubt.
In this case, a picture can be worth a hundred of learned volumes by
befuddled and befuddling academics who may be trying to devise intricate
explanations for why the Earth is not round.



Yuri Kuchinsky in Toronto -=O=- [20]

Reality is that which, when you stop believing
in it, doesn't go away -=O=- Philip K. Dick

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