Subject:      Re: how did the chicken cross the ocean from Asia?
From:         Duncan Craig 
Date:         1997/05/08
Message-ID:   <337203C3.3203@king.cts.com>
Newsgroups:   sci.archaeology,sci.archaeology.mesoamerican,
		sci.bio.misc,sci.anthropology,sci.agriculture

Hello,

       With your interest in Genetics and Archaeology, perhaps you are
familiar with recent findings of geneticists working in the emerging field
of Forensic Archaeology. For instance, Dr. Rebecca Cann, who in a recent
edition of Civilization magazine, said: 

"Archaeologists kept saying it was impossible, that it was just a story
people told, but by doing a very fine analysis of DNA, we've seen that
there is in fact one very common cosmopolitan lineage thats spread
throughout the Pacific, which could only have happened if people were in
constant physical contact."

Or a collaborating view given by Dr. E. Hagelberg of Oxford,

"A previously characterized Asian specific mitochondrial DNA length
mutation has been detected in DNA isolated from prehistoric human bones
from Polynesia, including Hawaii."

Or recent studies from Emory University published in the American Journal
of Human Genetics,

"The prescence of Group B deletion haplotypes in East Asian and Native
American populations, but their absence in Siberians raises the
possibility that Haplogroup B could represent a migratory event distinct
from the one(s) which brought groups A,C and D mt(DNA)s to the Americas." 

So viewing the populating of the Americas solely in terms of the "Land
Bridge Theory" may tell only part of the story. One might ask where this
theory was first postulated. If I may overburden you with one final quote,
Brian Fagan, in his book, "Kingdoms of Gold, Kingdoms of Jade", tells us,

"It was a Jesuit missionary, Jose de Acosta, who first argued that the
Native Americans came from Asia. 'It was entirely possible', he wrote in
1589, 'that American Indians had followed the exotic beasts across Asia to
the New World at least 2000 years before Cortes gazed on Tenochtitlan.'
There were, he said, 'only short stretches of navigation'...a remarkable
statement considering that the Bering strait was only discovered in 1725." 

------------------------------------------------------------- 

Duncan Scott Craig (dunkers@king.cts.com)  

I don't worry 'bout a thing, 'cause I know nothin's gonna be allright.
                                                         Mose Allison
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