Subject: musical instruments indicating transoceanic contact? From: email@example.com (Yuri Kuchinsky) Date: 1997/08/01 Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Newsgroups: sci.archaeology.mesoamerican,sci.archaeology,alt.folklore.science Ross Clark (email@example.com) wrote: : Yuri Kuchinsky wrote: : > J.R. Pelmont (Jean.Pelmont@wanadoo.fr) wrote: : > : One of us recorded the : > : concert. Years after I still remember this and our big surprise. But I : > : considered ever since it was a mere coincidence. These two parts of the : > : world are about 10,000 english miles apart ! : > : > Well, Jean, this may not be a coincidence after all... Studies of musical : > instruments on both sides of the Pacific have been done, and many : > similarities were found. : : Interesting -- reference please? Dear Ross, I have now tried to look up the references for the transpacific parallels in musical instruments, as well as in musical styles. These references seem abundant, but most of the research in this area was done and published early in this century. There are classic studies looking at this by such scholars as Nordenskiold, and Rivet for example. Since then, the interest in this seemed to have waned somewhat. The instruments that are most often considered are panpipes, special kinds of drums, and shell trumpets. In any case, here's some material that was published relatively recently. Mason J. Alden, THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATION OF PERU, Penguin, 1968, talks about panpipes. He finds "astonishing similarities" in this area between Peru and ancient China. (pp. 21-24) [Are you listening, Domingo?] Joseph Needham and Lu, in their TRANS-PACIFIC ECHOES (1985), talk about the parallelism between Aztec _teponaztli_ drums or wooden gongs, and the _mu yu_ of Chinese and Japanese temples. They also observe that the richness of ancient Chinese orchestras in percussion instruments (raspers and rattles) recalls Mexico (pp. 27-28). Of course this is one very useful and now classic volume that considers plenty of related material, and contains abundant further references. But the best recent source on this subject is an unpublished (unfortunately) Ph.D. thesis at City University of New York [are you listening, Paul Gans?] by Roselle Tekiner, THE PANPIPE AS INDICATOR OF CULTURE CONTACT, 1974. She considers every aspect of this matter in detail, using criteria formulated by Paul Tolstoy. She demonstrates the likelihood of relationship between panpipes of the Pacific and S. America based on their musical characteristics. Just one more small piece of the general picture of historical relationships that are now emerging from obscurity... Best regards, Yuri. Yuri Kuchinsky | "Where there is the Tree of Knowledge, there -=- | is always Paradise: so say the most ancient in Toronto | and the most modern serpents." F. Nietzsche ----- my webpage is for now at: http://www.io.org/~yuku ----- _________________________________________________________________Click here to go one level up in the directory.